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Domain Name System (DNS), is one of most important components of the World Wide Web (WWWW). This allows you to type a website address in your browser and see the right site on the screen.
It’s so quick that we take this as a given. To help you navigate fine websites, such as this one, however, an intricate set of processes are going on behind-the scenes!
The internet The network consists of many computers linked together using radio signals and/or network cables. Internet Protocol (IP), is the common thread that unites all these network technologies and devices.
The communication protocol is a set of rules that allow devices to communicate with each other. As long as the protocol is identical, any two devices, whether they are a smartphone, smart fridge or smartphone, can exchange information.
Each device, known as an IP address in IP networks, is assigned a unique number. An IP address is necessary to make sure that packets of data are sent across the network’s networks reach their intended destination.
A public IP address is the name of your internet gateway device. This usually refers to a wireless router. Anyone can access it. Because IP addresses can be used as physical locations within a network, an IP address will also show your precise location. To access the Internet, however you do not need an IP address. DNS steps in and saves the day.
Internet addresses, such as https://www.online-tech-tips.com These addresses are also known as URLs, Uniform Resource Locators. Because they are often memorable, these addresses make it easy to remember. It is the text string you enter into your web browser to access that website.
The IP address of the computer hosting the site and any other content is what you see, it’s not the URL. A single URL may point to several IP addresses, since the website and related data can be hosted by multiple servers around the world.
DNS servers are computers on networks that take the URLs you enter and compare them to a list of IP addresses in order to determine which IP address is related to the URL.
This is similar to looking up a number in a telephone book. After you have found the name of the individual and their initials, a number will be listed beside it. This number is what makes your phone ring, and it also acts as an IP address. It connects your computer to the website server you are looking for.
Let’s take a look at what happens when you click on a link, open your web browser and hit the Enter key.
This is quite a long journey. However, the time it takes to answer a DNS query can usually be a fraction of second or less.
All DNS resolvers may not be created equally. Some ISPs may manage DNS servers badly. Some ISPs may provide inadequate caches or slow hardware, not enough bandwidth, and buggy software.
It can result in web pages that are slow to load or DNS errors. People often choose to move their DNS servers to different servers. Google, for example, has DNS servers running at 126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.8.4.4. OpenDNS provides servers at 184.108.40.206 et 220.127.116.11. You have many other options than these, which offer many possibilities that web users may not even be aware of.
Picking the best DNS service is key to transforming your browser experience. You may find some that offer quicker and more reliable search results than your ISP. Other services might have additional features, such as the ability to block malicious websites.
Smart DNS Services are an alternative to public DNS servers. They are typically paid subscription services that allow you to control your DNS requests in fine detail. These services are used often to bypass geographical restrictions.
A Smart DNS, however, can only redirect to servers in another country for the services that you select. It does not affect your rest of your internet browsing. Split-tunneling, which is a more complicated method to setup than smart DNS, can be used to achieve the same result as a VPN.
This DNS procedure is also known as “forward DNS lookup” and it’s the most common type of DNS request. It is also possible to do a reverse lookup. You can do this if you have the IP address for a server but don’t know what URL it is. If you only have the IP address for a server visible in network logs, but want to find out who it is associated with, this can prove useful.
Public DNS servers are vulnerable to eavesdropping. The DNS service might also store logs that show which websites were requested. It means third parties could know which websites you have visited, and the times they were visited.
Although the DNS system wasn’t intended to be private in any way, privacy is a major concern for all internet users. These factors have led to the development of DNS Services Private . . While some servers are expensive, others, like Cloudflare offer private DNS servers for free. The servers do not keep logs, making it difficult for anyone to intercept DNS communications. The last important fact you need to know about DNS is this.
DNS systems can also have dark sides. DNS Spoofing and DNS cache poisoning are two ways malicious actors could corrupt the DNS cache of your ISP. They can pretend to be the server and send fake DNS data back the resolver.
What this basically means is that your DNS lookup request can be sent to your computer and redirected via poisoned caching to a dangerous site. It’s impossible to avoid this. As such, you will need to depend on your internet security and be ready to take all warnings that an site’s certification may not be correct.
Cloudflare’s major DNS service, Google, is highly recommended for cache poisoning. They are much less susceptible to being compromised by spoofing. DNS resolution still remains the most effective method to efficiently and quickly navigate the Internet. With all of the benefits that DNS offers, you should be ready to take on the hacking attacks.